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Study on quality and milling recovery of different varieties of rice at varying degree of polishing under Khumaltar condition
MJ Thapa, MB Shrestha, R Karki, CM Bhattarai
Agronomy Journal of Nepal , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/ajn.v2i0.7523
Abstract: In Khumaltar, under NARC, rice varieties; Khumal-4, Khumal-8 and Radha-32 as slender varieties and Khumal-11, Taichung, Chainung-242 as bold varieties were studied for assessing their qualitative traits during 2006-08. These were milled in Satake Sheller and polished in Yamamoto polisher at different degree of polishing (0, 4, 8 and 12%). The mean milling recovery (73.4%), head rice (84.8%), broken rice (15.1%), protein (7.71%), ash (0.84%) and fat (1.34%) were recorded from the experiments. Among them, milling recovery, head rice, protein, fat, and ash were found significant (P < 0.05) with increasing degree of polishing. These attributes (head rice, protein, ash, and fat) were recorded increased at 8 and 4% degree of polishing compared to that of 12%. However, for 12% degree of polishing the milling recovery, head rice, protein, fat and, ash content were low as against 4 and 8% degree of polishing. The study showed that nutritional value of protein, fat and, ash contents were found high at 4 and 8% degree of polishing compared to that of 12%. Similarly, the percentage of head rice also increased at 4 and 8% than at 12% degree of polishing. The percentage of broken rice was also increasing with the increasing degree of polishing. Therefore, the result could be concluded that lowering the degree of polishing from 12% to 8% to 4% for both slender and bold rice could be increased rice stock by 4% in country’s total rice production. Hence, the result of this study would help strengthen the food and nutritional security and improve quality of rice in the country as well. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v2i0.7523 Agronomy Journal of Nepal (Agron JN) Vol. 2: 2011 pp.88-92
Vasectomy surgical techniques in South and South East Asia
Michel Labrecque, John Pile, David Sokal, Ramachandra CM Kaza, Mizanur Rahman, SS Bodh, Jeewan Bhattarai, Ganesh D Bhatt, Tika Vaidya
BMC Urology , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2490-5-10
Abstract: Between December 2003 and February 2004, 3 to 6 major vasectomy centers from Cambodia, Thailand, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh were visited and interviews with 5 to 11 key informants in each country were conducted. Vasectomy techniques performed in each center were observed. Vasectomy techniques using hand-held, battery-driven cautery devices and FI were demonstrated and performed under supervision by local providers. Information about interest and open-mindedness regarding the use of thermal cautery and/or FI was gathered.The use of vasectomy was marginal in Thailand and Cambodia. In India, Nepal, and Bangladesh, vasectomy was supported by national reproductive health programs. Most vasectomies were performed using the No-Scalpel Vasectomy (NSV) technique and simple LE. The addition of FI to LE, although largely known, was seldom performed. The main reasons reported were: 1) insufficient surgical skills, 2) time needed to perform the technique, and 3) technique not being mandatory according to country standards. Thermal cautery devices for vasectomy were not available in any selected countries. Pilot hands-on assessment showed that the technique could be safely and effectively performed by Asian providers. However, in addition to provision of supplies, introducing cautery with FI could be associated with the same barriers encountered when introducing FI in combination with LE.Further studies assessing the effectiveness, safety, and feasibility of implementation are needed before thermal cautery combined with FI is introduced in Asia on a large scale. Until thermal cautery is introduced in a country, vasectomy providers should practice LE with FI to maximize effectiveness of vasectomy procedure.Vasectomy is recognized as a simple, safe, and effective contraception method. However, the occlusive and contraceptive effectiveness of the procedure varies widely according to the surgical technique used to occlude the vas deferens.[1] Ligation with suture material and excis
Urban Vulnerabilities in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal: Visualizations of Human/Hazard Interactions  [PDF]
Keshav Bhattarai, Dennis Conway
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2010.22012
Abstract: Excessive unplanned urban growth leads to many vulnerabilities and impacts on urban environments to varying degrees. However, the majority of the extant literature focuses on the problems related to location and socioeconomic conditions, rather than vulnerability processes and related environmental degradation. This paper analyzes the scope of urban vulnerabilities for five rapidly urbanizing and highly-congested cities in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. First, the historic context of the Valley’s uncontrolled urbanization sets the scene. Second, the optic is narrowed to focus upon the geographical features of the resultant urbanized Valley landscape that includes spatial arrangements and of houses, population densities, road networks, vehicular densities, garbage problems, and available open spaces. Additionally, seismic vulnerabilities in the urban areas are also considering in this examination. Third, three-dimensional visualizations of selected urban locations are presented to differentiate between vulnerable and relatively safe locations. The intent of this research is to contribute to the methodological understanding of human/hazards interactions in rapidly urbanizing cities of the Third World, which share similar socioeconomic conditions and environmental con-texts.
Risk Assessment of Land Subsidence in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, Using Remote Sensing and GIS  [PDF]
Richa Bhattarai, Akihiko Kondoh
Advances in Remote Sensing (ARS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ars.2017.62010
Abstract: Land subsidence is identified as a global problem and intensive studies are being conducted worldwide to detect and monitor risk of this problem. Risk assessment of land subsidence is simply an evaluation of the probability and frequency of occurrence of land subsidence, exposure of people and property to the subsidence and consequence of that exposure. Remote sensing technology was used to extract information of land subsidence in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Also, Disaster Risk Index method and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) along with Geographic Information System (GIS) tools were used to assess risk of land subsidence in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Subsidence volume for locations Central Kathmandu, Chauni, Lalitpur, Imadol, Thimi, Madhyaour Thimi, New Baneshwor, Koteshwor and Gothatar was calculated using a simple mathematical formula. The subsidence depth for these locations was found to be in a range of 1 cm to 17 cm and the maximum subsidence velocity was found to be 4.8 cm/yr. This study revealed that the location where maximum subsidence was observed (i.e. Central Kathmandu and Lalitpur) was found to be at high risk of experiencing land subsidence induced damage. Other location where subsidence was observed was found to be at medium risk and the rest of the Kathmandu valley was found to be at low risk with current data situation. This study can be considered as the first step towards other comprehensive study relating to land subsidence risk assessment. The outcome of this research provides a basic understanding of the current situation that can further assist in developing prevention and risk management techniques.
Endoscopy on Otology - In Retrospect and Prospects
H Bhattarai
Nepalese Journal of ENT Head and Neck Surgery , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/njenthns.v3i1.8185
Abstract: Nepalese Journal of ENT Head and Neck Surgery, Vol. 3 Issue 1 (Jan-June 2012) Page 21-23 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njenthns.v3i1.8185
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: Present Perspective
H Bhattarai
Nepalese Journal of ENT Head and Neck Surgery , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/njenthns.v1i2.4764
Abstract: Keywords: BPPV, Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo; Dix-Hallpike procedure; Epley maneuver DOI: 10.3126/njenthns.v1i2.4764 Nepalese J ENT Head Neck Surg Vol.1 No.2 (2010) p.28-32
The Corrosion Behavior of Sputter-deposited W-Ti Alloys in 0.5 M NaCl Solution
Jagadeesh Bhattarai
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/njst.v10i0.2899
Abstract: The corrosion behavior of the sputter-deposited amorphous or nanocrystalline W-Ti alloys was studied in neutral 0.5 MNaCl solution at 25°C, open to air by immersion tests, electrochemical measurements and confocal scanning laser microscopic(CSLM) techniques. Titanium metal acts synergistically with tungsten in enhancing the corrosion resistance of the sputter-deposited W-Ti alloys so as to show higher corrosion resistance than those of alloy-constituting elements (that is, tungsten and titanium) in neutral 0.5 M NaCl solution. In particular, the amorphous W-Ti alloys containing 30-53 at% titanium showed lowest corrosion rates (that is, about 1 × 10 -3 mm.y -1 ). Open circuit potentials of all the examined W-Ti alloys were shifted to more noble direction than those of the open circuit potentials of?alloyconstituting elements in 0.5 M NaCl solution. Key words: Sputter deposition; W-Ti alloys; Corrosion-resistant; CSLM; NaCl solution. DOI: 10.3126/njst.v10i0.2899 Nepal Journal of Science and Technology Volume 10, 2009 December Page:109-113 ?
Editorial
S Bhattarai
Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/njdvl.v12i1.10587
Abstract: No abstract available. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njdvl.v12i1.10587 ? Nepal Journal of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprology Vol.12(1) 2014, page i Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE
Study on the Corrosive Nature of Soil Towards the Buried-Structures
Jagadeesh Bhattarai
Scientific World , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/sw.v11i11.8551
Abstract: Scientific World, Vol. 11, No. 11, July 2013, page 43-47 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/sw.v11i11.8551
Monitored anaesthesia care (MAC) and ophthalmic surgery
BK Bhattarai
Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/nepjoph.v1i1.3674
Abstract: The use of monitored anaesthesia care (MAC) is increasing with the discovery of newer, more effective and appropriate drugs and techniques. MAC is intended to achieve patient comfort with safety and optimal clinical outcome and is being extensively used worldwide for cataract and other ophthalmic surgeries. This article briefly reviews the conceptual basis of MAC, its use in ophthalmic surgeries, sedative-analgesic drugs commonly used during MAC in eye surgeries, monitoring during MAC in eye surgery and the role of anaesthesia practitioners during MAC. Key words: anaesthesia; cataract; eye; monitored anaesthesia care (MAC); sedation; surgery DOI: 10.3126/nepjoph.v1i1.3674 Nep J Oph 2009;1(1):60-65
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