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Participatory variety slection of cold tolerant rice in the western hills of Nepal
TB Karki, KB Koirala, SB BK
Agronomy Journal of Nepal , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/ajn.v1i0.7545
Abstract: To verify and up scale promising cold tolerant rice genotypes in the western hills, participatory variety selection (PVS) activities viz; coordinated farmer’s field trials (CFFTs), FFTs prepared from Lumle , farmers’ acceptance tests (FATs), larger plot demonstrations, and upscaling activities were conducted during 2008 to 2009. Yield and yield related parameters considering farmers’ preferences were also recorded and analyzed for PVSs under FATs. In 2008, genotypes NR10481-B-11-1-1-1, NR10479-B-33-2-1-1 and NR10482-B-10-3-2-2 had been preferred by farmers because of high grain yield and desired parameters. In 2008, grain yield of Machapuchhre-3, Chhomrong Dhan, and Lumle 5- 2 over yielded Farmers’ Local (2.2 mt/ha) by 83, 89 and 81%, respectively whereas in 2009, grain yield increment of Machapuchhre- 3, Chhomrong Dhan, Lumle- 2, and Chandannath-3 over Farmers’ Local (2.1 t/ha ) was 98 %, 97%, 1078% and 49 %, respectively. Farmers of upper high hills (>2000-m) and high hills (1500-2000-m) preferred Chandannath-3, Machapuchhre- 3, and Chhomrong Dhan while Lumle-2 was liked by farmers of mid hills (1000-1500-m ). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v1i0.7545 Agronomy Journal of Nepal (Agron JN) Vol. 1: 2010 pp.74-79
Tuberculous epididymo-orchitis mimicking a testicular tumour: a case report
KB Badmos
African Health Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Isolated tuberculous epididymo-orchitis may closely mimic testicular tumour particularly in patients with no history of systemic TB thereby presenting a diagnostic and treatment challenges. Case report: A 44-year old man presented with 4 months history of left scrotal mass and had left orchidectomy following a presumptive diagnosis of testicular tumour. Histopathological diagnosis of testicular tuberculosis was subsequently made. Although the patient was thereafter referred for antituberculosis treatment at the local tuberculosis treatment centre, he defaulted after commencing treatment. Conclusion: Adequate evaluation of patients with testicular mass by means of abdominal and scrotal ultrasound coupled with fine needle aspiration cytology is critical to diagnostic accuracy, optimal treatment and possibility of avoiding surgery in those with testicular tuberculosis.
Prostate specific antigen: A useful but limited marker for prostate cancer
KB Sedumedi
Continuing Medical Education , 2012,
Abstract: No
Stakeholders Perception of Current Health Education Situation under Ghana's Health Service
KB Antwi
West African Journal of Applied Ecology , 2008,
Abstract: Health Education is one of the critical eight essential pillars of the primary health care (PHC) adopted world-wide by WHO member countries in 1978. After over two decades of health education to support PHC implementation, the epidemiological profile of Ghana continues to be dominated by communicable diseases, and environmental sanitation is problematic in both urban and rural areas. Based on the health field concept, the behavioural and information diffusion theory, the paper provides a situational overview of health education in Ghana. Informants were health policy makers, managers, healthcare providers and the public, as they perceive health education delivery in healthcare institutions, schools, workplaces and communities. Quantitative and qualitative techniques including questionnaires, semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were employed to reach the target population. The paper concludes that despite its importance health education seemed to enjoy less support at policy, management, service providers and users of healthcare levels. However, it is a worthwhile and cost effective strategy that must be nurtured towards health promotion. West African Journal of Applied Ecology Vol. 13 2008: pp. 83-95
Sex” is gift of nature. What if she betrays?
KB Ashok
International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: Intersex is a condition of abnormal sexual maturation resulting in abnormal karyotype or primary or secondary sexual characteristics which can be diagnosed by ambiguous genitalia or abnormal characteristics in adolescent. Prevalence of this rare condition is too low (1 in 20,000 live births). It is very confusing for a doctor to determine the treatment chapter which includes proper diagnostic technique, sufficient time for interpretation and intervention and informing the patient. But the steps are too confusing and controversial. Prescribed case made us highly confused by its characteristics which was none of 5-alpha reductage deficiency syndrome, Reifensteine Syndrome, Pseudo-harmaphodism and also having a balance between a male and female which is very rare and unique. As the diagnosis was difficult to define, initiatives were taken to reveal the proper diagnosis for better treatment so that this kind of cases in future could be managed properly.Case Presentation/Description: 15 years old unmarried girl came to Gynaecology outpatient department complaining of primary amenorrhoea, gradual swelling of the external genitalia since 12 years of age and hoarseness of voice since last month.Physically she was tall, with male pattern pubic hair, tanner stage 0 sized breast, having cliteromegaly rather micropenis, perineal hypospadius, palpable mass in both labia major and a blunt space resembling vagina in between.Laboratory investigations revealed very high Testosterone (246ng/dl) and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (8.09 mcIU/L) but low level of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (13.83IU/L) and Oestrogen (17pg/dl).Cytogenic study showed 46XY/46XX mosaic chromosomal pattern.In laparoscopy there was no internal female genital organ.Biopsy of the labial mass was done after operation which depicted seminiferous tubules lined by sertoli cells with no sperm production and interstitial fibrosis.Case was very much mysterious as it was in a balance to support both sexes. After informing the family members first, the society had become an obstruction for the doctors to treat with freedom. Then according to the will of the family members and for the sake of the society diagnosis was hidden from patient and managed by Gonadectomy, Clitorectomy, and Vaginoplasty in same sitting with hormonal therapy for life long to make her a “girl” again.After 2 months of the treatment patient came with a good respond towards the hormone therapy. Our case proved that ‘Intersex’ is a mystery of nature and do not always follow the known clinical features. Discussion: Sometimes we
Endometrial sampling for postmenopausal bleeding. Should we put the sampling tools away?
Holten KB
Canadian Family Physician , 2001,
Abstract:
Soil borne fungi of cultivated lands of Biratnagar, Nepal
Umesh Koirala
Nepalese Journal of Biosciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/njbs.v2i0.7503
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njbs.v2i0.7503 Nepalese Journal of Biosciences 2 : 151-153 (2012)
SWAT and Wavelet Analysis for Understanding the Climate Change Impact on Hydrologic Response  [PDF]
Shesh Raj Koirala, Randall W. Gentry
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology (OJMH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojmh.2012.22006
Abstract: Quantifying the hydrological response to an increased atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and climate change is important in a watershed scale particularly from the application point of view. The specific objectives are to evaluate the climate change impact on the future water yield at the outlet of Clinch River Watershed upstream of Norris Lake in Tennessee, USA and see how the frequency of extreme water yield (e.g. flood) changes compared to present condition. The predicted future climate change by climate change scenarios A2 from community climate system model (CCSM) is applied. The model was calibrated using monthly average streamflow data from 1970 to 1989 and validated using similar data from 1990 to 2009 collected at a USGS gauging station 03528000. Changes in monthly average streamflow were estimated for long term (around 2099). Results were also interpreted in the time-frequency domain approach by showing how frequency of occurrence changes based on A2 scenario.
Efficacy of some synthetic insecticides for control of cotton bollworms in northern Ghana
KB Badii, SK Asante
African Crop Science Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Lepidopteran bollworms are a major constraint to increased and sustainable production of cotton in the savanna ecology of Ghana. Studies were conducted at the Experimental Farms of the University for Development Studies, Nyankpala in northern Ghana, during the 2009 cropping season to evaluate the effects of three commonly used insecticide formulations, namely, Betsulfan and Endosulfan (each at 3.2, 3.5 and 3.9 l ha-1), and Thionex (at 2.3, 2.5 and 2.8 l ha-1), on the population density and damage incidence of the bollworm complex, and their effects on the yield of cotton. The incidence and abundance of bollworms were significantly (P < 0.05) affected by the different insecticide treatments. Bollworm infestation in all treated plots was significantly reduced. Among the insecticide treatments, Thionex at 2.8 l ha-1 was the most effective. This was followed by that of Betsulfan at 3.9 l ha-1, Betsulfan or Endosulfan (each at 3.2 l ha-1) recorded the highest infestation. Lint seed yield of cotton also increased significantly with increased concentrations of the insecticides, Thionex at 2.8 l ha-1 and Betsulfan at 3.2 l ha-1 recorded the highest and lowest yields, respectively. For effective control of cotton bollworms for maximum yield in the ecology, Thionex applied at 2.8 l ha-1 is recommended.
The Sensitivity Of Diazo Test In The Diagnosis Of Enteric Fevers
KB Tanyigna, JO Ogor
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology , 2008,
Abstract: To ascertain the sensitivity of Diazo (chemical) test in comparison to the Widal (serological) test in the diagnosis of enteric fevers, blood specimens from101 patients suspected of having enteric fevers were collected. 54.5% (55) of the patients were significantly seropositive. Fifteen urine specimens from these 55 seropositive patients were positive for Diazo tests, giving a sensitivity of about 27%. Salmonella typhi was the predominant serotype causing typhoid/paratyphoid fevers, followed by S. paratypi A; S. paratyphi C and S. paratyphi B respectively. Although Diazo test does not appear to be reliable, it could still be useful alongside with Widal agglutination test in endemic rural or urban areas where electricity and facilities are absent or inadequate for routine laboratory investigations. African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology Vol. 9 (3) 2008: pp. 115-118
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