OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721

費用:99美元

投稿

時間不限

2020 ( 216 )

2019 ( 464 )

2018 ( 525 )

2017 ( 536 )

自定義范圍…

匹配條件: “ S Joshi” ,找到相關結果約327146條。
列表顯示的所有文章,均可免費獲取
第1頁/共327146條
每頁顯示
Type 2 Diabetes: Primary Health Care Approach for Prevention, Screening and Diagnosis in South Africa
P Joshi, S Joshi
South African Family Practice , 2008,
Abstract: We have reviewed large studies that demonstrate different methods that have been adopted to prevent or delay the progression to Type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals. The principal interventions include behavioural modifications in diet and physical activity, use of insulin sensitisers such as metformin and glitazones, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. Although there is no evidence of benefit in health outcomes from large-scale population screening for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG), screening of high-risk individuals has merit. During prolonged periods of dysglycaemia that precede diabetes, individuals remain largely asymptomatic. These periods can be from 8-10 years as extrapolated from the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study data. This phase of pre-diabetes is not innocuous, and is often associated with the concurrent development of complications, which highlights the importance of early detection and treatment of this ‘silent killer'. Although different methods for screening of diabetes are available, preferred techniques include measurement of fasting plasma glucose and 2 hr post-load plasma glucose. People should be encouraged to eat correct diets, be active, and maintain a healthy weight - these behaviours have other benefits in addition to preventing or delaying the onset of Type 2 diabetes. There are various diagnostic criteria used for the diagnosis of diabetes. In this article we have presented two sets of criteria, one from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the other from the American Diabetes Association (ADA). South African Journal of Family Practice Vol. 50 (4) 2008: pp. 14-20
Hospital antibiogram: A necessity
Joshi S
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology , 2010,
Abstract: The hospital antibiogram is a periodic summary of antimicrobial susceptibilities of local bacterial isolates submitted to the hospital′s clinical microbiology laboratory. Antibiograms are often used by clinicians to assess local susceptibility rates, as an aid in selecting empiric antibiotic therapy, and in monitoring resistance trends over time within an institution. Antibiograms can also used to compare susceptibility rates across institutions and track resistance trends. Some hospitals have adequate support from the computer department to be able to extract data from their reporting module. The WHONET software can be freely downloaded and used for analysis. Consensus guidelines have been developed by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) to standardise methods used in constructing antibiograms. These guidelines can be incorporated into the WHONET software for analysis. Only the first isolate from the patient is to be included in the analysis. The analysis should be done on the basis of patient location and specimen type. The percentage susceptibility of the most frequently isolated bacteria should be presented in the antibiogram, preferably in a tabular form. The antibiogram must be printed or put up in the intranet for easy access to all clinicians. Antibiotic policy is one of the mandatory requirements for accreditation, and making an antibiogram is the first step before framing the antibiotic policy. The future of antibiograms would be the incorporation of patient related data to make information more reliable and for predicting outbreaks.
Comment: Infection control with limited resources: Why and how to make it possible?
Joshi S
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology , 2010,
Abstract:
Mixed Research Paradigm: A Parsimonious Approach!
S Joshi
Journal of Institute of Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.2126/joim.v35i1.8904
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2126/joim.v35i1.8904 Journal of Institute of Medicine, April, 2013; 35:78-81
Is it Time to Adopt Alternate Teaching Strategy?
S Joshi
Journal of Institute of Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/joim.v34i2.9042
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/joim.v34i2.9042 Journal of Institute of Medicine August, 2012; 34:2 1-3
The Effect of Mass Ratio and Air Damper Characteristics on the Resonant Response of an Air Damped Dynamic Vibration Absorber  [PDF]
R. G. Todkar, S. G. Joshi
Modern Mechanical Engineering (MME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/mme.2011.12012
Abstract: In this paper, it is shown that, a road vehicle 2DOF air damped quartercar suspension system can conveniently be transformed into a 2DOF air damped vibrating system representing an air damped dynamic vibration absorber (DVA) with an appropriate change in the ratio μ of the main mass and the absorber mass i.e. when mass ratio μ >> 1. Also the effect of variation of the mass ratio, air damping ratio and air spring rate ratio, on the motion transmissibility at the resonant frequency of the main mass of the DVA has been dis- cussed. It is shown that, as the air damping ratio in the absorber system increases, there is a substantial decrease in the motion transmissibility of the main mass system where the air damper has been modeled as a Maxwell type. Optimal value of the air damping ratio for the minimum motion transmissibility of the main mass of the system has been determined. An experimental setup has been designed and developed with a control system to vary air pressure in the damper in the absorber system. The motion transmissibility characteristics of the main mass system have been obtained, and the optimal value of the air damping ratio has been determined for minimum motion transmissibility of the main mass of the system
Microarray Analysis of Transcriptomic Response of Escherichia coli to Nonthermal Plasma-Treated PBS Solution  [PDF]
Suresh G. Joshi, Adam Yost, Siddharth S. Joshi, Sankar Addya, Garth Ehrlich, Ari Brooks
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2015.62006
Abstract: We developed a technique of generating nonthermal atmospheric plasma-activated solution that had broad-spectrum antibacterial properties. Plasma-activated phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) causes rapid inactivation of bacteria following generation of oxidative stress. However, dose optimization requires understanding of cellular mechanisms. The objective of this study was to explore genome-wise response to develop gene expression profile of Escherichia coli using DNA microarray following exposure to plasma-activated PBS solution. Upon exposure to plasma-treated PBS solution, E. coli cells had differentially expressed genes involved in oxidative stress, and cell envelope and membrane associated porin and transporters. The genes involved in house-keeping and metabolism, energy generation, motility and virulence were conversely downregulated. This is the first report which demonstrates a severe oxidative stress induced in E. coli cells in response to an exposure to nonequilibrium nonthermal dielectric-barrier discharge plasma-activated PBS solution, and the genes that are responsive to reactive oxygen species appeared to play a role in cellular stress. Such studies are important to identify targets of inactivation, and to understand plasma-treated solution and bacterial cell interactions.
Absence of superior cornua: a rare variant of thyroid cartilage anatomy
Mohini M Joshi,Sharda S Joshi,Subhash D Joshi
International Journal of Students' Research , 2011, DOI: 10.5549/ijsr.1.3.88-89
Abstract: During ongoing morphological study of adult human larynx, we found a rare variant of thyroid cartilage anatomy. Absence of superior cornua of thyroid cartilage was seen on left side in a specimen of larynx. In the same specimen was present a large spindle shaped triticeous cartilage. Very few studies describe this type of variation. We recommend that surgeons, radiologists and autopsy surgeons performing any procedures in the region of the neck, to make a mental note of this anatomical variation. This variation and its clinical significance are reported in the paper. Key Words: Thyroid cartilage, superior cornua, triticeous cartilage
Influence of roadside pollution on the phylloplane microbial community of Alnus nepalensis (Betulaceae)
Joshi,S.R;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2008,
Abstract: the north eastern region of india is undergoing industrial development at a faster rate than expected. roads form the main system of transportation and communication owing to the hilly topography of the region. automobiles discharge a number of gaseous and trace metal contaminants. human activities like stone grinding, road construction and sand milling also increase the atmospheric dust and heavy metal contaminant level. these contaminants get settled on leaf surfaces at roadsides and enter in contact with phylloplane microorganisms. this study compares microorganisms on leaf surfaces of alder (alnus nepalensis (betulaceae)) on roadside and non-roadside environments. two sites dominated by alder were selected. one at a busy road intersection on the national highway no. 44 in shillong with high traffic density (8 000-9 000 heavy vehicles/day), taken as the polluted site and the other one in a forest approximately 500 m away from the roadside considered as the unpolluted site. analysis of phylloplane microorganisms, lead, zinc, copper, cadmium and sulphur was carried out from leaves. the bacterial population was higher at the unpolluted site. bacterial population showed a significant negative correlation with lead, zinc, copper, cadmium and sulphur. similarly, fungal population was higher at the unpolluted site. a total of 29 fungal species were isolated from the phylloplane of a. nepalensis (polluted site 16 species; unpolluted site 28 species). some fungal forms like mortierella sp., fusarium oxysporum and aureobasidium pollulans were dominant in the polluted site. numbers of phylloplane fungi and bacteria were significantly reduced in the polluted site. the correlation coefficient indicated a detrimental effect of metals like lead, zinc, copper, cadmium and sulphur on the microbial community of leaf surfaces. the specificity of certain fungi to the unpolluted site may be attributed to their sensitivity to pollution. the predominance of aureobasidium pollulans, fus
Influence of TCSC on social welfare and spot price - A comparative study of PSO with classical method
S Joshi, K Pandya
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology , 2010,
Abstract: In this paper, Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) based algorithm has been suggested to find optimal location and setting of Thyristor Controlled Series Compensator (TCSC) to maximize Social Benefit (SB), considering its installation cost in competitive electricity market. PSO has simultaneously optimized generators’ active powers output, generators’ bus voltages, TCSC reactance and its location. In addition, the influence of optimally located TCSC on the magnitude of real power spot price, reactive power spot price, wheeling charges and bilateral transaction matrix has been investigated. The effectiveness of the proposed approach has been tested on IEEE 6 bus system and results obtained are compared with those obtained from various classical methods.
第1頁/共327146條
每頁顯示


Home
Copyright ? 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.

久草在现在线中文字幕