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Caracteriza o física e química de terras pretas arqueológicas e de solos n o antropogênicos na regi o de Manicoré, Amazonas = Physical and chemical characterization of archaeological dark earths and nonanthropogenic soils the Manicore region, Amazon.
Milton César Costa Campos,Luís Ant?nio Coutrim dos Santos,Douglas Marcelo Pinheiro da Silva,Bruno Campos Mantovanelli
Agro@mbiente On-line , 2012,
Abstract: Os solos predominantes na regi o Amaz nica pertencem à classe dos Latossolos e Argissolos, caracterizado por seu alto grau de intemperismo e baixa fertilidade natural, em contraste, ocorrem às terras pretas arqueológicas com elevada fertilidade natural e alto teor de matéria organica. Objetivou-se com este estudo caracterizar quanto aos atributos físicos e químicos as terras pretas arqueológicas e os solos n o antropogênicos da regi o de Manicoré, AM. Foram amostrados quatro sítios de Terras Pretas Arqueológicas e quatro solos n o antropogênicos distribuídos na regi o de Manicoré, sul do Amazonas. Nesses locais foram abertas trincheiras e os perfis foram caracterizados morfologicamente e coletados por horizonte. Foramrealizadas análises físicas (textura e densidade do solo) e químicas (pH em água, Ca, Mg, K, e Al trocáveis, P disponível, e C organico). Os valores de pH, carbono organico, soma de bases e V% das terras pretas arqueológicas foram superiores aos observados para solos n o antropogênicos da regi o de Manicoré, AM. Os solos n o antropogênicos apresentaram maiores valores de densidade do solo quando comparados às áreas de terra preta arqueológica. Os maiores teores de matéria organica do solo foram encontrados nas áreas de terra preta arqueológica. As terras pretas arqueológicas deste estudo apresentam atributos químicos e físico-químicos superiores aos solos n o antropogênicos, conferindo-lhes maior fertilidade.The predominant soils in the Amazon region belong to the class of Oxisols and Ultisols, characterized by its high degree of weathering and low natural fertility, in contrast, occur at Archaeological Dark Earths soils with high fertility and high organic matter content. The aim of this study was the physical and chemical characterization of archaeological dark earths and non-anthropogenic soils in the southern Amazon. Four archaeological sites with dark earths and four non-anthropogenic soils distributed in the Manicoré region, souther Amazon, were sampled. In these locations, open trenches and profiles were characterized morphologically and collected by horizon. Physical (texture and bulk density) and chemical (pH, Ca, Mg, K,and Al, P, and organic C) analyses were realized. The values of pH, organic carbon, total bases and V% in archaeological dark earths were higher than those observed in the non-anthropogenic soils the Manicore, Amazon region. The non-anthropogenic soils showed higher bulk density compared to areas of archaeological dark earths. The highest levels of soil organic matter were found in areas of archaeological dark earth
A primeira concep??o freudiana de angústia: uma revis?o crítica
Campos, érico Bruno Viana;
ágora: Estudos em Teoria Psicanalítica , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-14982004000100006
Abstract: freud's first conception of anguish: a critical review. the paper analyses the first decade of freud's theoretical production in order to define the first metapsychological concept of anguish. anguish is related to a specific psychopathology, the neurosis of anguish, electing it as a paradigm of that first model. the mechanism that articulates energetic excess and lack of psychic working over is discussed, as well as the ambiguities in the theory of psychic representation theory. the purpose is to show that a counterpoint to the theory of psychic representation can be traced back to the origins of metapsychology, pointing to some unfolding for further investigations on the development of the freudian thinking.
Representa??o psíquica e teoria da linguagem nos textos iniciais freudianos: um estudo da monografia sobre as afasias
Campos, érico Bruno Viana;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2010000100013
Abstract: this article addresses psychic representation and its relation with language on freud's initial studies. it presents an overview of freudian theory of implicit representation in the monograph on aphasias and discusses the understanding of these concepts under a contemporary perspective of language. it defends that, since its beginning, the theory of psychic representation goes beyond the language structure because this is secondary to the investigation of the meaning of unconscious production and drives. the conclusion is that addressing the psychic representation under the perspective of language is necessary but insufficient for the study of the freudian metapsychology.
Limites da representa??o na metapsicologia freudiana
Campos, érico Bruno Viana;
Psicologia USP , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642011005000037
Abstract: this article aims to analyze the limits of representation theory in freudian metapsychology. it is a theoretical research on psychoanalysis, through a methodology of historical and epistemological analysis of freud's texts. the freudian metapsychology is based on a theory of drives that is tributary to the principles of a theory of the mental representation. however, the changes required by the introduction of the concepts of narcissism and identification, along with recognition of the repetition compulsion as something beyond the pleasure principle led to a redesign of the drive theory, a new topical description and a reformulation of the theory of anxiety. the hypothesis is that the representational theory finds limits in two different directions: the identification and the impossibility of representation as, respectively, a beyond and a beneath of freudian metapsychology.
Padr es Setoriais de Inova o na Indústria Brasileira
Bruno Campos,Ana Urraca Ruiz
Revista Brasileira de Inova??o , 2009,
Abstract: The article aims investigate features of the technical change in Brazilian industry. Theliterature related to sectoral patterns of innovation is utilized as theoretical framework, whereashierarchical and non-hierarchical clustering analyses are used as methodological resource.Utilizing the Industrial Survey of Technological Innovation (PINTEC 2000) of the BrazilianGeography and Statistics Institute (IBGE) will be analyzed five features of the industrialtechnological innovation: the innovative sources, the knowledge and learning processes, thetechnological trajectories, the innovative outputs, and the market structure/performance.The results show that intersectoral diversity cannot be neglected to understand the innovativeperformance of Brazilian industry. Although some specificities, the innovative conduct ofBrazilian industrial sectors are coherent with the international literature.
Investimento público em educa o fundamental e a qualidade do ensino: uma avalia o regional dos resultados do Fundef Public funding for basic education and the quality of learning: a regional assessment of the results from Fundef
Rogério Sobreira,Bruno Cesar Campos
Revista de Administra??o Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/s0034-76122008000200006
Abstract: Desde 1998, o financiamento da educa o pública fundamental no Brasil está submetido a critérios de vincula o de receitas governamentais regulamentados pelo Fundef (Fundo de Manuten o e Desenvolvimento do Ensino Fundamental e de Valoriza o do Magistério). Entre os objetivos do fundo está o de garantir recursos mínimos para o investimento público em educa o fundamental, assegurando a qualidade do ensino oferecido e, por conseguinte, a melhora na proficiência dos alunos. Com base nos dados de volume de recursos investidos no ensino fundamental via Fundef e nos resultados das Saebs (sinopses estatísticas da educa o básica), este artigo analisa os efeitos dessa política pública sobre o desempenho dos alunos da rede pública de ensino fundamental brasileira. Os resultados apontam a importancia do aporte financeiro e da qualifica o do magistério para o aperfei oamento da qualidade da educa o pública. Since 1998, public funding for basic education in Brazil has been organized by the Fund for Maintenance and Development of Basic Education and Teaching Valorization (Fundef). One of the goals of this fund is to assure resources for basic education public funding, guaranteeing its quality and thus the improvement of student proficiency. This article analyzes the effects of Fundef in student performance utilizing public data from the fund and from Saeb (basic education statistics synopsis). The results suggest that financial support and teacher qualification are important for the improvement of public education.
Analysis of the Liver of Fish Species Prochilodus lineatus Altered Environments, Analyzed with ImageJ  [PDF]
Vanessa Ellen Wendt Campos, Bruno Fiorelini Pereira, Dimítrius Leonardo Pitol, Rebeca Mamede da Silva Alves, Flavio Henrique Caetano
Microscopy Research (MR) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/mr.2017.51001
Abstract: The fish Prochilodus lineatus (Characiformes, Prochilodontidae), in addition to being a good bioindicator, is also of economic and ecological importance with a broad distribution in the neotropics. Ecotoxicology examines the interaction between environmental chemistry and biota; and in this study we assess alterations of bile and glycogen levels in the fish liver, organ responsible for detoxification, biotransformation and storing nutrients, such as glycogen, and for secreting bile. Fish were separated in three groups to examine the damage caused by the exposure to waters from Lago Azul-Rio Claro-SP and containing diluted biodegradable detergents in comparison to a control group (chlorinated water from an artesian well of UNESP-Campus Rio Claro). A histological analysis was performed on HE and PAS stained sections. The identification of structural changes and the assessment of the area occupied by bile and glycogen were carried out with the software ImageJ, showing that the liver was affected morphologically (cell vacuolization, peripherals nuclei, for example) and problems in bile release and production and storage of glycogen.
Incidências da hermenêutica para a metodologia da pesquisa teórica em psicanálise
Campos, érico Bruno Viana;Coelho Jr, Nelson Ernesto;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2010000200012
Abstract: this article aims to briefly review the major hermeneutic approaches involved with the interpretation of texts and speeches in order to establish the boundaries of the incidence of this subject on the field of psychoanalytical, theoretical research. it defines the different forms of psychoanalysis research and shows how developments in hermeneutics change the comprehension of the epistemological status of the psychoanalytical field of knowledge. it presents and discusses the methodological designs on theoretical research proposed by laplanche and figueiredo. its conclusion demonstrates the approximation of the psychoanalytical method applied to texts and speeches with contemporary perspectives in hermeneutics. it also proposes a specific approach for historical-conceptual and epistemological research in the field of psychoanalysis.
Sistema computacional para dosimetria de nêutrons e fótons baseado em métodos estocásticos aplicado a radioterapia e radiologia
Trindade, Bruno Machado;Campos, Tarcisio Passos Ribeiro de;
Radiologia Brasileira , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-39842011000200011
Abstract: objective: the present paper describes a procedure for conversion of computed tomography or magnetic resonance images into a three-dimensional voxel model for dosimetry purposes. such model is a personalized representation of the patient that can be utilized in nuclear particle transport simulations by means of the mcnp (monte carlo n-particle) code, reproducing the stochastic process of nuclear particles interaction with human tissues. materials and methods: the developed computational system - siscodes - is a tool designed for 3d planning of radiotherapy or radiological procedures. based on tomographic images of the patient, the treatment plan is modeled and simulated. then, the absorbed doses are shown by means of isodose curves superimposed on the model. the siscodes couples the threedimensional model with the mcnp5 code, simulating the protocol of exposure to ionizing radiation. results: the siscodes has been utilized by the nri/cnpq in the creation of anthropomorphic and anthropometric voxel models which are coupled with the mcnp code for modeling brachytherapy and teletherapy applied to lung, pelvis, spine, head and neck tumors, among others. the current siscodes modules are presented together with examples of cases of radiotherapy planning. conclusion: the siscodes provides a fast method to create personalized voxel models of any patient which can be used in stochastic simulations. the combination of the mcnp simulation with a personalized model of the patient increases the dosimetry accuracy in radiotherapy.
Capacita??o tecnológica e Catching Up: o caso das regi?es metropolitanas emergentes brasileiras
Lemos, Mauro Borges;Campos, Bruno;Biazi, Elenice;Santos, Fabiana;
Revista de Economia Política , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31572006000100006
Abstract: since the 1970's the loss of industrial output share of sao paulo metropolitan area relative to brazil's industrial output has been explained by a process of "reversal polarization". this article aims to analyze the catching up effect of variables of productive efficiency, such as technological capacity and labor force skill. the main point is to analyze if the behavior of these variables favored or reduced desagglomeration of sao paulo city and the resulting agglomeration effect on brazilian emerging metropolitan areas. utilizing the household sample survey (pnad) of the brazilian geography and statistics institute (ibge) we will test if there has been technological catching up between s?o paulo (defined as the frontier) and second-tier metropolis of southern brazil (belo horizonte, curitiba and porto alegre). a set of panel data tests the importance of the variables referred to on spatial distribution of brazilian industry.
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