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Pinto Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) as a Functional Food: Implications on Human Health
Cristiane R. S. Camara,Carlos A. Urrea,Vicki Schlegel
Agriculture , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/agriculture3010090
Abstract: Most foods are considered functional in terms of providing nutrients and energy to sustain daily life, but dietary systems that are capable of preventing or remediating a stressed or diseased state are classified as functional foods. Dry beans ( Phaseolus vulgaris L.) contain high levels of chemically diverse components (phenols, resistance starch, vitamins, fructooligosaccharides) that have shown to protect against such conditions as oxidative stress, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and many types of cancer, thereby positioning this legume as an excellent functional food. Moreover, the United States has a rich dry bean history and is currently a top producer of dry beans in the world with pinto beans accounting for the vast majority. Despite these attributes, dry bean consumption in the US remains relatively low. Therefore, the objective of this manuscript is to review dry beans as an important US agricultural crop and as functional food for the present age with an emphasis on pinto beans.
Deficiencias en los diagnósticos de las reformas sanitarias de los a?os noventa en América Latina
Guzmán Urrea,María del Pilar;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892009000100013
Abstract: some of the recurring themes seen on health-sector reform agendas of western countries (those at the center as well as those on the periphery) over the last decade have been: the debate over new ways of organizing health systems, with sights set on achieving greater efficiency and quality; redefining health care benefit packages and services to better distribute health resources; and incorporating market mechanisms into the health care environment to better respond to expectations of health care consumers. the fundamental purpose of this article is to analyze certain concepts that define and explain the origin of the 1990s health care reforms in latin america and to refute some of the more important principles, such as: the belief that improving the functional efficiency of the health care system alone would improve the health of the population; the excessive concern with the administrative and structural aspects of health systems without a discussion of the underlying theoretical models; the idea that access, in and of itself, can guarantee "equity in health"; and lastly, the undo emphasis that was placed on individual "risk factors" as the cause of all illness.
Análisis de las principales estrategias de racionalización de los recursos sanitarios en las reformas sanitarias actuales
Guzmán Urrea,María del Pilar;
Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud , 2007,
Abstract: the common factors in most of the health care reforms held from the nineties are the searching of mechanisms to face the scare of resources, the achievement of an equitable and sustainable financing, the goal of a more efficient sanitary production and an effective way for distribution of resources in the sanitary systems. all those factors constitute news challenges for the actual sanitary policies. theoretical foundations of the main sanitary resources rationalization strategies and the ethical dilemmas that they cause in health sector will be analyzed here, especially the establishment of share costs, definition of what to give priority in the selection for clinical or public health interventions, the role of experts and community in the process of priority definitions and the tensions when trying to balance the targets to equity, efficiency and economical sustainability of the health services.
La alopatía y la homeopatía en el Siglo XIX: Conflicto entre dos prácticas médicas
Guzmán Urrea María del Pilar
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura , 1995,
Abstract: El análisis de las prácticas médicas y de su organización científica exige un reconocimiento de las distintas formas de subcultura académica que conviven paralelamente en cada momento histórico con la ciencia oficial. Las polémicas que se han dado en los últimos a os en torno a la legitimidad e incluso institucionalización de las llamadas medicinas alternativas, ponen en evidencia la necesidad de reconstruir su historia,para así comprender su impacto social, sus aportes, limitaciones y proyección futura. La Homeopatía pertenece a ese grupo de prácticas alternativas, que no se ajustan a las normas vigentes y a los patrones de conducta institucionalizados, por lo cual entran en una fuerte controversia con la escuela alopática. Su introducción en Colombia se data de 1835,1 pero fue en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX el momento en el cual se presentó su mayor auge, y se hizo evidente la discusión entre estas dos escuelas.
PROPAGACIóN in vitro y desdiferenciación tisular en Lippia dulcis
Urrea,Aura I.; Castrillón,Paula A.; Monsalve,Zulma;
Actualidades Biológicas , 2009,
Abstract: a methodology for in vitro establishment, multiplication and callus formation of lippia dulcis (verbenaceae) is described. furthermore, an essay for establishment of cellular suspension was realized. initial explants shoot tips and nodal segments from plants grown under greenhouse were used. the treatment more effective for induction and multiplication of l. dulcis from shoot tips or nodal segments was ms medium free of growth regulators. to achieve the colour and adequate texture, the medium for callus formation and multiplication (ms by adding 2,4d 0,1 mg/l) needs to be renew each 20 days. the cellular suspension establishment, with a high percentage of viability, was possible in ms medium and the hormonal combination 2,4 d (0.5 mg/l) + kinetina (0.1 mg/l)
Gastrosquisis en la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales del Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia, 2000-2004
Pachajoa,Harry; Urrea,María Fernanda; Torres,Javier;
Iatreia , 2009,
Abstract: introduction:gastroschisis is a congenital malformation of the abdominal wall. it is convenient to study it in different pediatric centers because its prevalence rate has markedly increased in several countries. objectives:to define the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of a group of newborn infants with gastroschisis. methods: a descriptive-retrospective study was carried out between january 1, 2000, and december 31, 2004. it included 29 of the 35 newborn infants with gastroschisis treated at the neonatal intensive care unit, hospital universitario del valle, in cali, colombia. results: average maternal age was 18.8 years. twenty of the mothers (69.0%) were younger than 20 years, and 22 (75.9%) were primiparae. the study included 16 girls (55.2%) and 13 boys (44.8%). fifteen infants (51.7%) were born by caesarean section and 14 (48.3%), by natural birth. twelve (41.4%) were born at term and 17 (58.6%) were preterm babies. nineteen (65.5%) had low birth weight. in 10 cases (34.5%) the diagnosis of gastroschisis was prenatally established. average diameter of the defect (registered in 19 cases) was 4.28 cm. there were associated malformations in 16 patients (55.2%), 12 of which were of the gastrointestinal tract. ten (66.6%) of the 15 infants born by caesarean section had associated malformations. complications occurred in 28 infants (96.6%), mostly sepsis (23 cases). ten infants (34.5%) died, 8 of them in septic shock. conclusions: maternal age under 20 years and primiparous women predominated in this study. the main morbidity cause was sepsis. differences in the mortality rate were found according to the place of origin of the patients: it was higher in those referred from towns different from cali. distance and, consequently, the time required for reaching the icu may have been associated with the probability of death; however, the small number of cases does not allow definitive conclusions in this respect. the death rate found in our study was similar
PROPAGACIóN in vitro y desdiferenciación tisular en Lippia dulcis In vitro propagation and tisular diferentiation in Lippia dulcis
Aura I. Urrea,Paula A. Castrillón,Zulma Monsalve
Actualidades Biológicas , 2009,
Abstract: Se describe una metodología para el establecimiento, la multiplicación y la obtención in vitro de callos de Lippia dulcis (Verbenaceae). Adicionalmente, se logró el establecimiento de una suspensión celular. Se utilizaron como explantes iniciales yemas apicales y segmentos nodales de plantas mantenidas en casa malla. El tratamiento más efectivo para el establecimiento y multiplicación de L. dulcis a partir de yemas apicales o segmentos nodales fue el medio MS libre de reguladores de crecimiento. Para lograr la textura y color adecuados, el medio para formación y multiplicación de callos (MS suplementado con 2,4D 0,1 mg/l) requiere ser renovado cada 20 días. El establecimiento de la suspensión celular, con alto porcentaje de viabilidad, fue posible en el medio de cultivo MS y la combinación hormonal 2,4 D (0,5 mg/l) + Kinetina (0,1 mg/l). A methodology for in vitro establishment, multiplication and callus formation of Lippia dulcis (Verbenaceae) is described. Furthermore, an essay for establishment of cellular suspension was realized. Initial explants shoot tips and nodal segments from plants grown under greenhouse were used. The treatment more effective for induction and multiplication of L. dulcis from shoot tips or nodal segments was MS medium free of growth regulators. To achieve the colour and adequate texture, the medium for callus formation and multiplication (MS by adding 2,4D 0,1 mg/l) needs to be renew each 20 days. The cellular suspension establishment, with a high percentage of viability, was possible in MS medium and the hormonal combination 2,4 D (0.5 mg/l) + Kinetina (0.1 mg/l)
Gastroschisis in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Hospital Universitario del Valle (Cali, Colombia): 2000-2004 Gastrosquisis en la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales del Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia, 2000-2004
Harry Pachajoa,Mar?-a Fernanda Urrea,Javier Torres
Iatreia , 2009,
Abstract:
Midiendo lo social: propuesta para construir un índice de participación
Ana María Rotino,Cora Elisa Urrea,Thaís Ledezma
Revista Venezolana de Análisis de Coyuntura , 2000,
Abstract: Medir lo social es un constante intento de los sociólogos por conocer su objeto de estudio desde una perspectiva concreta. La construcción de índices es una manera de precisar la observación de los fenómenos sociales. La participación es una realidad que se hace pertinente cuantificar en estos tiempos de globalización de las relaciones sociales y descentralización de las funciones del Estado. La investigación que aquí se presenta persigue medir el fenómeno de la participación previo estudio de la forma en que se hace presente en Venezuela. El índice Global de Participación es el resultado final de nuestra investigación, para lo cual definimos y construimos dos índices parciales, sean estos los relativos a la Participación Social y la Participación Comunitaria
Enfermedad aneurismática coronaria: Presentación de caso clínico y revisión de la literatura
Bohórquez,Ricardo; Roa,Nubia Lucía; Plata,Carlos Andrés; Guerrero,Fernando; Márquez,Arturo; Urina,Manuel; García,ángel; Rodríguez,Jaime; Urrea,Juan Karlo; Herrera,Dimas Felipe; Rojas,Luis; Mari?o,Rocío del Pilar; Fajardo,Angélica; Heilbron,óscar;
Acta Medica Colombiana , 2009,
Abstract: coronary artery aneurysms or ectasias are dilatations of arterial segments, which are typically incidentally identified at angiography. although the etiology isn′t clearly established, several large clinical series described that the most common etiologic factor for coronary aneurysms is atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, but they can also be congenital or secondary to inflammatory or connective tissue disorders. a well-known association with kawasaki disease is also studied. we review the case of a patient with acute coronary syndrome (acs) and aneurysms dilations in coronary arteries, its diagnosis and therapeutic approach.
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