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Economics of potato (Solanum tuberosum L) production in Taplejung district of Nepal
KP Timsina, K Kafle, S Sapkota
Agronomy Journal of Nepal , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/ajn.v2i0.7533
Abstract: Potato is staple crop of high hills in Nepal. It is one of the important crops to address food insecurity in the country. A study on economics of potato production was conducted in Fungling, Dokhu, Nangkholang and Hangdewa VDCs of Taplejung district in September 2010. Altogether 180 potato producers from 13 farmers’ group, which received the membership of Commercial Agriculture Alliance (CAA), were taken as sample of the study by using purposive sampling technique. The regression analysis showed that income from potato has significant contribution (P<0.01) to total income from High Value crops (HVCs). Around 90 percent farmers in the study area were using improved varieties of potato seed such as Desiree, Kufrijoti and Cardinal. The correlation between lowland and upland growers was weakly related (r= 0.18). Average area per household for potato production and its productivity was found 0.75 Ropani and 844 Kg/Ropani, respectively. The cost of production per Kg potato was NRs. 7.3. Means of transportation to district headquarter was by human labor and its cost ranged from NRs. 2-5 per Kg. The transportation cost from Taplejung to Birtamod market was found in between NRs 4-6 depending upon season. Gross margin of potato per Ropani was NRs.15504 and the benefit cost ratio was 2.9.The highest average price of potato (NRs. 32.5 per Kg) at Birtamod wholesale market at nearby terai was found in September to October, whereas the highest average price of potato (NRs. 38.7 per Kg) at Taplejung market was found in May to June. Findings revealed that access to collection centre, credit facilities, storage facilities and weak backward and forward linkage were the major problems in the study area, whereas suitability of climate, availability of improved technology, improving access to road, and communication were the major strengths for potato production in the district. Findings indicated that there was a high potentiality of commercial potato production and ensuring food security in Taplejung district, however, it will be necessary to suitably adjust by creating time and place utility in future. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v2i0.7533 Agronomy Journal of Nepal (Agron JN) Vol. 2: 2011 pp.173-181
Anthropometric study of cephalic index among medical students in Nepal
Ram Prasad Timsina,Paramananda Gogoi
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/jkmc.v3i2.11229
Abstract: Background: Cephalic index is the ratio of the maximum breadth of head to its maximum length that is expressed as a percentage. Anthropometric measurements, especially craniofacial measurements, are important for determining various head and face shapes. These anthropometric studies are conducted on the age, sex and racial/ethnic groups in certain geographical zones. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to find out racial classification and their differences in Nepalese medical students anthropologically and to compare these with the data from other ethnic caste for use in anthropometric and forensic studies. Method: This is a descriptive and cross sectional study on 940 undergraduate medical students of age 17 to 27 years, with 455 males and 485 females from the three different medical colleges of Nepal. The head length (cm) and breadth (cm) were measured by spreading calliper. The height (cm) and weight of the participants were recorded. All the collected data were summarized using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) 16.0 versions and their significance was tested by student t-test. Results : The mean cephalic index of 455 males and 485 females were 80.99% and 83.34% respectively. The cephalic index varied from the range of 71.20 to 97.40 in female and 72.08 to 96.77 in male. The dominant type of head shape in our study was mesocephalic (50.76%) followed by brachycephalic (32.74%). Conclusion: This study showed the head type of Nepalese was brachycephalic predominant but with the tendency to mesocephalic and hyperbrachycephalic. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jkmc.v3i2.11229 Journal of Kathmandu Medical College Vol. 3, No. 2, Issue 8, Apr.-Jun., 2014 Page : 68-71
The brain of the common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus murinus (Wagner, 1840): a cytoarchitectural atlas
Bhatnagar, KP.;
Brazilian Journal of Biology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-69842008000300017
Abstract: the vampire bat, desmodus rotundus, is exceptionally agile and stealthy in nature. feeding at night on cattle blood, it is a known scourge carrying rabies. it is endowed with a very high neocortical volume among bats, acute olfactory capabilities and an accessory olfactory system. these characteristics have resulted into an impressive number of neuroanatomical investigations except a long due atlas on its brain. this study presents a cytoarchitectural atlas of the brain of the common vampire, desmodus rotundus murinus, in the frontal plane, serially between the olfactory bulb and the medulla oblongata. twenty six selected sections are presented, each separated by about 300 to 560 microns. the atlas figures show lugol fast blue-cresyl echt violet stained hemisections with their matching half in a labeled line drawing. about 595 discrete brain structures (some repeating) have been identified. this study is likely to provide the accurate localization of nuclear groups, whole structures, fiber tracts, and interconnections to facilitate future neuroanatomical and neurophysiological investigations on the vampire brain.
“Informing of the child’s understanding, influencing his heart, and directing its practice”: Jonathan Edwards on education
KP Minkema
Acta Theologica , 2011,
Abstract: This article examines the role of education in Jonathan Edwards’ life and legacy, both the education he received in early eighteenth-century New England and his activities as a teacher, among the other vocations he followed. In particular, the methods and principles he employed as a teacher, both of English and Indian children and young people, are distinctive. Next, the essay turns to some selected figures within the Edwardsean tradition to show pedagogical changes and continuities.
Risk factors for antibiotic resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae
KP Klugman
South African Medical Journal , 2002,
Abstract:
Physical-Chemical and microbiological study of sourmilk
KP Tiku
Journal of Food Technology in Africa , 1999,
Abstract:
The Dynamics of Ethnicity in a Multicultural Society
KP Kurgatt
Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa , 2009,
Abstract: Ethnicity is sometimes one of the misunderstood cultural aspects of national heritage in Africa. The mere mention of the term ‘ethnicity' or ‘ethnic origin' is apt to elicit negative reactions, basically because only one facet is assumed, namely ‘ethnocentricity', or to use a less anodyne term, ‘tribalism'. Yet there are many other positive facets to ethnicity. For example, ethnicity can be claimed, rightly so, as one aspect of national identity, which enriches Africa's national heritage(s).This paper attempts to highlight these dynamics through analyzing how one community, namely, the Nandi, manifests its ethnicity its social construction of reality, the differences in intra-ethnic identities that separate them from their immediate ‘cousins' as well as other neighbors, namely, the Maasai and Luo and the Kenyan nation as a whole. It is hoped that the answers to the above will help us to positively harness ethnic diversity to create a multicultural society at ease with itself Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa Vol. 1 (2) 2009: pp. 90-98
Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance of Enteric Pathogens in Dhahira Region, Oman
KP Prakash
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2008,
Abstract: Background: We reviewed the monthly laboratory surveillance reports and hospital laboratory database in Dhahira region, Oman."nMethods: All patients for whom a stool sample examination request was made from 1st January 2002 to 31st December 2006 (5 years) were included in the study. Antimicrobial resistance pattern was studied for 2 years period. The cultures were done using standard laboratory procedures and antibiotic sensitivity by Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method."nResults: Of the 85,210 stool samples examined, 18% showed positive result for one or more parasitic infection. The most common were E. hystolytica (7.1%), Giardia (7.9%) and E. coli (1.9%). A total of 7,830 cultures were done, among them 11.4% showed positive result for bacterial pathogen. The most common were Salmonella (5.8%) and Shigella species (4.4%). The antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of 265 bacterial pathogens were analyzed. Of the Shigella strains, 71.8% were resistant to trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole (SXT) and 39.4% to ampicillin and 32.4% to tetracycline. Salmonella and E. coli strains were frequently resistant to ampicillin (12.5% and 47.7%, respectively)"nConclusion: This study provides important information on the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance pattern of enteric pathogens in Dhahira region population. SXT, ampicillin, and tetracycline are the drugs commonly associated with resistance.
Gastkommentar: Philosophie der Erotik
Liessmann KP
Speculum - Zeitschrift für Gyn?kologie und Geburtshilfe , 2004,
Abstract:
Early weight bearing compared with non-weight bearing functional mobilization after operative treatment of an ankle fracture
KP Paudel
Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v7i1.5972
Abstract: Ankle fractures are the most common types of fractures treated in orthopaedics. When to begin ankle movement and weight bearing and the type of immobilizing devices to use post-operatively have had more intense clinical study than most other aspects of ankle fracture treatment. Aim of this study is to compare the results of two functional methods of post-operative treatment in internally fixed ankle fractures, i.e. one after early weight bearing using walking plaster and the other after non-weight bearing functional mobilization in the first six weeks following stable internal fixation. This is a prospective, non-randomized study. Between March 2004 and February 2006, thirty- five patients with displaced ankle fractures treated by internal fixation were assigned in a way that every alternate patient fell in different groups. Group A patients, 17, were managed with a below-knee walking plaster and group B patients, 18 with non-weight bearing mobilization with crutches. Five patients were lost in follow up and 30 were followed regularly as in the protocol. There was a temporary benefit in subjective evaluation (63 v 48 points, student t test. P=0.262), return to work (53.8 v 72.9 days, student t test, p=0.079) for those with a below-knee walking plaster at six week. There were minimal differences between the groups in the loss of dorsal range of movement (14.7 v 13.1 degree) or in the overall clinical results at the first follow up. But the differences disappeared in any evaluation after three months. Both treatments were considered to be satisfactory and the treatment choice depends on the ability to mobilize or weight bearing, the type of work and personal preference. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v7i1.5972 JCMSN 2011; 7(1): 40-46
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