OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721




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匹配條件: “Michelle G. van der Merwe” ,找到相關結果約222600條。
Biological and ecological aspects of the distribution of Sepia australis (Cephalopoda: Sepiidae) off the south coast of southern Africa
Martina A. Compagno Roeleveld,M.R. Lipinski,Michelle G. van der Merwe
African Zoology , 2012,
Abstract: ENGLISH ABSTRACT: During the South Coast Biomass Survey in 1988, 49,4 kg (6336 individuals) of Sepia australis were caught between Cape Agulhas and Algoa Bay. A biomass index of 803 t of S. australis was calculated for the area at that time. Largest catches were taken between about 20oE and 22oE, in waters of 10 11°C and 50-150 m depth. The overall sex ratio was 2M: 3F and mean individual mass was 6,47 g for males and 8,67 g for females. The largest animals were a mature male of 58 mm mantle length and a maturing female of 65 mm mantle length. Most of the animals trawled off the South Coast were maturing or fully mature in early winter and very few immature animals were found. Differences in mean mantle length and maturity stage of the animals in different areas were found to be correlated most strongly with water temperature but also with depth and longitude. Largest numbers and mean sizes of mature animals caught suggest that the main spawning grounds off the South Coast may be in deeper water on the western side of the Agulhas Bank. To the east the deeper water is warmer and the animals there may be at a disadvantage, as optimum temperatures and depths for spawning do not coincide. *********** AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Gedurende die Suidkus-Biomassa-opname in 1988 is altesaam 49,4 kg (6336 individue) Sepia australis gevang. ‘n Biomassa-indeks van 803 t S. australis is toe vir die gebied bereken. Die grootste vangste is tussen 20°0 en 22°0 in water van 10-11°C, op 'n diepte van 50-150 m, gemaak. Die algemene geslagsverhouding was 2M: 3V en die gemiddelde enkele massa was 6,47 9 vir manlike en 8,67 9 vir vroulike diere. Die grootste diere was 'n ryp mannetjie met 'n mantellengte van 58 mm en 'n deeIs ryp wyfie met 'n mantellengte van 65 mm. Die meeste diere aan die Suidkus was 6f ryp 6f dee Is ryp in die vroe winter en baie min onryp diere is gevind. Verskille in gemiddelde mantellengte en stadium van rypheid in verskillende gebiede was mees konsekwent met watertemperatuur gekorreleer maar ook met diepte en lengteligging. Die grootste getalle en gemiddelde groottes van ryp diere dui daarop dat die hoof te lgebiede aan die Suidkus meer Wes, in dieper water, mag wees. Ooswaarts is die dieper water warmer wat die diere mag benadeel aangesien die optimum-temperature en diepte vir teling nie saamval nie.
Wine and Words: A Trilingual Wine Dictionary for South Africa
Michelle F. van der Merwe
Lexikos , 2011, DOI: 10.5788/18--490
Abstract: : The South African wine industry identified the need for a special-field on-line dictionary on viticulture and oenology in Afrikaans, English and isi-Xhosa. The dictionary provides information on wine terminology as well as linguistic information on the use of such terminology. The purpose of this article is to give a description of the project. The process of compiling the dictionary is described, from the co-operation between the wine industry and lexicographers to the intended target users and the choice of languages of the dictionary. Functions of the dictionary are discussed, with reference to specific user situations, namely text production, text reception and translation. A system of labels has been designed for the dictionary and its benefit for the user is explained. In assisting the user to make an informed choice of a term, the notion of proscriptiveness has been followed in the presentation of information in the wine dictionary. Keywords: TRILINGUAL WINE DICTIONARY, SPECIALISED LEXICOGRAPHY, VITICULTUREAND OENOLOGY TERMS, ON-LINE DICTIONARY, TARGET USERS, USER SITUATIONS,FUNCTIONS, TEXT RECEPTION, TEXT PRODUCTION, TRANSLATION, LABELS, ENCYCLOPEDICKNOWLEDGE, LINGUISTIC KNOWLEDGE, PROSCRIPTION Opsomming: Wyn en woorde: 'n Drietalige Wynwoordeboek vir Suid-Afrika. Die Suid-Afrikaanse wynbedryf het die behoefte aan 'n aanlynvakwoordeboek oor wynenwingerdkunde in Afrikaans, Engels en isiXhosa ge dentifiseer. Die woordeboek verskaf inligtingoor wynterminologie, sowel as taalkundige inligting oor die gebruik van sulke terminologie. Diedoel van hierdie artikel is om 'n beskrywing van die projek te gee. Die samestellingsproses van diewoordeboek word beskryf, vanaf die samewerking tussen die wynbedryf en die leksikograwe, totdie voorgestelde teikengebruikers en die keuse van die tale van die woordeboek. Funksies van diewoordeboek word bespreek, met verwysing na spesifieke gebruikersituasies, naamlik teksproduksie,teksresepsie en vertaling. 'n Etiketstelsel is vir die woordeboek ontwerp en die voordeel daarvanvir die gebruiker word verduidelik. Ten einde die gebruiker te help om 'n ingeligte keuse van'n term te maak, is die begrip van proskripsie gevolg by die aanbieding van die inligting in diewoordeboek. Sleutelwoorde: DRIETALIGE WYNWOORDEBOEK, GESPESIALISEERDE LEKSIKOGRAFIE, WINGERD- EN WYNKUNDETERME, AANLYNWOORDEBOEK, TEIKENGEBRUIKERS,GEBRUIKERSITUASIES, FUNKSIES, TEKSRESEPSIE, TEKSPRODUKSIE, VERTALING, ETIKETTE,ENSIKLOPEDIESE INLIGTING, TAALKUNDIGE INLIGTING, PROSKRIPSIE
Early Christian spirituality according to the First Epistle of John: The identification of different ‘lived experiences’
Dirk G. van der Merwe
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2013,
Abstract: The interest in this article is early Christian spirituality. The word ‘spirituality’ is used here denoting ‘a lived experience’. Therefore, the article focuses on religious experience in an early Christian community as explicated in the first chapter of the First Epistle of John. Three different lived experiences are denoted here, culminating in the last one: ‘having fellowship with the divine’. The first two experiences (experience through physical senses, experience through spiritual senses) pave the way to establish fellowship with the divine. For the author of 1 John, the purpose ( να) of these lived experiences is to have ( να) complete joy, another form of experience. These three lived experiences express three different configurations of spirituality.
‘Those who have been born of God do not sin, because God’s seed abides in them’ Soteriology in 1 John
Dirk G. van der Merwe
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2012,
Abstract: The author of 1 John states that ‘those who have been born of God do not sin, because God’s seed abides in them’. This is found explicitly four times (3:5; 3:6 bis; 3:9; 5:18), and implicitly once (2:29). The author links these assertions to the life of Jesus (1 Jn 3:5). Anyone reading these texts is likely to find them hard to bear, because the author appears to be discussing a doctrine of Christian perfection. However, in this research I shall attempt to show (using a socio-rhetorical approach) that, in fact, these assertions should not be interpreted literally by the reader. Instead, these texts are part of the author’s rhetorical construction to designate just how radical he sees the salvation event. The author substantiates the understanding and meaning of these radical assertions in his depiction of Christian existence as existence in a family, the familia Dei.
Salvation in the Johannine Epistles
Dirk G. van der Merwe
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v60i1/2.503
Abstract: This article attempts to compile a soteriology in the Johannine Epistles. Circumstances and false teachings that might have influenced the theological doctrine and ethical behaviour of the community are constructed. The article argues that aspects which led to the reported schism, determine the structure and content of the soteriology. In the Johannine Epistles the “elder” teaches only basic aspects of soteriology. They are presented from theocentric and christocentric perspectives that are closely interwoven with different themes. The article demonstrates that soteriology is metaphorically presented from the perspective of the conduct of God the Father, reflecting a paternalistic Old Testament image of a household. The elder refers to three of God's characteristics: light (1:5), justice (2:29), and love (4:8). Believers have to direct their lives according to these characteristics once they have been born as children into the family of God and have experienced “eternal life.”
Theology and the Gospel of John
Dirk G. van der Merwe
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v66i1.981
Abstract: How to cite this book: Van der Merwe, D.G., 2010, ‘Theology and the Gospel of John’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 66(1), Art. #981, 2 pages. DOI: 10.4102/hts.v66i1.981
A focus on inspiring Biblical spirituality
Dirk G. van der Merwe
In die Skriflig , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/ids.v46i1.132
The impact of the economic system on social and labour relations in the early church as revealed in the letter of James
Dirk G. van der Merwe
Verbum et Ecclesia , 2012,
Abstract: The Letter of James addresses the dichotomy between the socioeconomic classes of the rich(πλο σιο ) and the poor (πτωχ ). This research reveals the social and labour relations resultingfrom this dichotomy and the wealth of socioeconomic data contained in this letter. The rich arealerted to the consequences of their unrighteousness towards the poor, and the poor receiveexhortations of encouragement. The metaphoric use of ’richness’ is also examined. Thisresearch focuses on the socioeconomic activities and attitudes that this dichotomy promptedduring the second part of the first century, and it indicates how the economic system impactedon and influenced the lives of the early Christians in the 1st century Mediterranean world.James bounces these questions around to cast the rich, as well as the Christian assembly, in abad light for condoning the mistreatment of the poor. His three rhetorical questions are quiteto the point and are meant to be answered affirmatively.
Culture Conversion Among HIV Co-Infected Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Tugela Ferry, South Africa
James C. M. Brust,Melissa Lygizos,Krisda Chaiyachati,Michelle Scott,Theo L. van der Merwe,Anthony P. Moll,Xuan Li,Marian Loveday,Sheila A. Bamber,Umesh G. Lalloo,Gerald H. Friedland,N. Sarita Shah,Neel R. Gandhi
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015841
Abstract: Little is known about the time to sputum culture conversion in MDR-TB patients co-infected with HIV, although such patients have, historically, had poor outcomes. We describe culture conversion rates among MDR-TB patients with and without HIV-co-infection in a TB-endemic, high-HIV prevalent, resource-limited setting.
“Having fellowship with God” according to 1 John: dealing with the intermediation and environment through which and in which it is constituted
D.G van der Merwe
Acta Theologica , 2007,
Abstract: For believers to have fellowship (koinwniva) with one another and corporately with God, is one of the main objectives stated for the proclamation of the gospel by the author of 1 John. This article investigates the intermediation and environment through which and in which fellowship is constituted between God and his children. From the prooemium (1:1-4) of the epistle, which is used as the basic text in this research, Jesus Christ, the Son of God, has been designated (as iJlasmov~ in 2:2; 4:10 and as paravklhto~ in 2:1) to accomplish a fundamental revelatory-salvific act to enable believers to have fellowship with God and one another. This concept of fellowship, used in a familial sense, is described from the symbolic narrative of family life where God is the “Father” (patrov"), Jesus is “his only Son” (uiJov~ aujtou` oJ monogenhv~) and believers are the “children of God” (tevkna qeou`). 1 John underlines the autonomy of the individual child of God (2:20, 27; 5:20), but qualifies this emphasis with the thematic development of the concept of fellowship (koinwniva in 1:3, 6, 7) with other believers in the familia dei. The joy of believers in this familia dei, as an outcome of this fellowship, only becomes “complete” (peplhrwmevnh) where fellowship is constituted both among God’s children and corporately with God.

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