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Evaluation of chickpea genotypes for resistance to Fusarium wilt in Nepal
RK Neupane,M Sharma,P Jha,J Narayana Rao
Journal of SAT Agricultural Research , 2007,
Abstract:
Participatory evaluation and promotion of cereals and grain legumes for enhancing food security at Bajura district, Nepal
RK Neupane, BP Mahato, R Darai, B Hamal
Agronomy Journal of Nepal , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/ajn.v2i0.7522
Abstract: Participatory varietal selection (PVS) trials in maize, wheat, finger millet, buckwheat, pigeon pea and field pea, mixed cropping legumes with maize were implemented and farmer-preferred varieties of those crops disseminated in Barabish VDC (900-1600 m) of Bajura district during 2007/08 to 2009/10 with a view to enhance the local level food security. Results from PVS trials showed that maize variety Deuti produced the highest mean grain yields of 3625 kg/ha which was 25% higher than the local variety, wheat variety WK-1204 was the highest yielder (3901 kg/ha), with 48% more yields than the popular and check variety RR-21. Fingermillet variety KK -1 was the highest yielder (2459 kg/ha) in midhills, whereas ACC # 2827-1, NF1703-34, and performed better in high hills. This variety showed wider adaptation both in the mid and high hills. Sweet buckwheat genotype IR-13 was most preferred by farmers. For bitter buckwheat, genotypes ACC #- 2223-1 (4813 kg/ha), Sample # 8 (2333 kg/ha) and ACC # -2227-1 (1354 kg/ha) were high yielding. Field pea variety Sikkime produced the highest fresh pod yield of 4185 kg/ha and was superior to Kalaam Local. Seed yields of medium duration pigeonpea variety Rampur Rahar-1 evaluated for the first time in the locality, ranged between 250-1500 Kg/ha. Extra short duration variety of pigeonpea suitable for growing in pigeonpea-wheat rotation in rainfed uplands has been selected by farmers. The economic benefit of intercropping groundnut with maize was higher than intercropping pigeonpea or soybean, due to higher selling price of groundnut. On-farm seed saving and seed procurement of selected varieties had been initiated to ensure adequate seed supply at the local level. More than 1829 kg seed of wheat variety WK-1204 was produced and 40 % of it was used as seed in 2010 winter season. A total of 328 farmers comprising 28% females and 72% males were benefited through participation in crop and seed production trainings organized at the villages. Up-scaling of selected varieties / technologies has been suggested. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v2i0.7522 Agronomy Journal of Nepal (Agron JN) Vol. 2: 2011 pp.75-87
Wear Resistance and Indentation Behavior of Equiatomic Superelastic TiNi and 60NiTi  [PDF]
Rabin Neupane, Zoheir Farhat
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2015.67071
Abstract: Indentation and reciprocating wear tests are carried out to study dent and wear resistance of superelastic Ti-Ni alloys. The effect of loading rate on the superelastic behavior of TiNi under indentation loading is investigated and compared to a new generation of shape memory alloys, i.e., 60NiTi. Only limited amount of work has been done to investigate the dependency of superelasticity on loading rate of TiNi under localized compressive loads, but much work is directed towards understanding the effect of strain rate on tensile properties. Understanding the superelastic behavior helps to employ superelastic alloys in applications where high impact loading is expected as in bearings and gears. In the present study, it is found that dent resistance of Ti-Ni alloy is not significantly affected by loading rate (within the employed loading conditions). It has also been found that new-generation 60NiTi alloy exhibits superior wear and dent resistance, as well as higher hardness compared to equiatomic TiNi.
Scenario Of Solid Waste Management In Hetauda Municipality, Nepal
Bigyan Neupane,Shuvee Neupane
International Journal of Environment , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/ije.v2i1.9214
Abstract: The paper aims to enlighten the solid waste management of Hetauda Municipality in Makwanpur district of an area of 44.5 sq. km. The total human population of the municipality is 84,671 (CBS 2011). Out of 11 wards, 5 wards (1, 2, 3, 4 and 10) were selected for the present study. In total 50 households, 10 institutions and 10 commercial sectors were selected from studied wards from which samples of different types of wastes were collected, segregated and weighed. Weight was calculated using a digital spring balance and a bag 0.043 m3 was used for the estimation of volume. Organic wastes were found to be dominant in the household (51.73%) and commercial sectors (61.70%) whereas in institutions, plastic (50.36%) and papers (38.19%) were prevailing. The findings revealed that per capita 155.4 gm/person/day household waste was generated in Hetauda Municipality. The residents are also aware of the harmful effects of the wastes, and demand an effective solid waste management services. Though they are aware about the sustainable management of wastes, due to erratic collection of wastes, some of them throw the wastes in the open lands - The local people also participate in the awareness campaigns organized by local NGOs and municipal. Solid waste management strategies are timely need for an effective management of anthropogenic wastes. Regular waste collection, improvement of dumping sites and sufficient number of composting plants are recommended in the municipality.
ENT Services in Nepal
Yogesh Neupane
Nepalese Journal of ENT Head and Neck Surgery , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/njenthns.v3i1.8177
Abstract: Nepalese Journal of ENT Head and Neck Surgery, Vol.3 Issue 1 (Jan-June 2012) Page 1 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njenthns.v3i1.8177
Expanding the Horizon in the Field of Head and Neck Surgery in Developing Countries
Yogesh Neupane
Nepalese Journal of ENT Head and Neck Surgery , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/njenthns.v3i2.10150
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njenthns.v3i2.10150 Nepalese Journal of Head and Neck Surgery Vol.3(2) 2012: 1
Gender Role in School Bullying
D Neupane
Journal of Chitwan Medical College , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/jcmc.v4i1.10847
Abstract: School bullying with reference to gender was performed in Kathmandu. The general aim of this research was to analyze the relationship between bullying and victimization with response to gender among Nepalese school adolescents. The study was correlational in design employing a pen-and-paper self-report survey. Within the survey, two separate instruments measured the criterion variables bullying and victimization. Participants were drawn from three private schools of Kathmandu. These schools were chosen in random selection. The number of participations was 104 school students. The study investigated the prevalence of bullying in the school with reference to gender. The result from the survey indicates that the boys are more bully than girls are. Boys have reported higher mean scores of physical bullying, verbal bullying, physical victimization and verbal victimization. On the other hand, girls have reported higher mean scores of indirect bullying and victimization. Gen-der differences in bullying and victimization were as expected and as social role theory and previous research would predict, with boys reporting higher direct and overall levels of bullying and victimization than girls. Similarly, and in accordance with the literature, girls reported higher levels of indirect bullying and victimization than boys are. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmc.v4i1.10847 Journal of Chitwan Medical College 2014; 4(1): 37-41
The Equity Premium Puzzle in Nepal
Biwesh Neupane
Banking Journal , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/bj.v3i1.7509
Abstract: The study concentrates on one of the most famous puzzles in asset pricing, the equity premium puzzle, which was first identified by Mehra and Prescott (1985). The paper examines the existence and extent of the equity premium puzzle in Nepalese market. The equity premium puzzle refers to the fact that common stocks have offered a very high real risk premium over that of risk-free bills, which leads to unexplainable high risk-aversion of the investors.
Mathematical Model of Seed Dispersal by Frugivorous Birds and Migration Potential of Pinyon and Juniper in Utah  [PDF]
Ram C. Neupane, James A. Powell
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.69135
Abstract: Seed dispersal of juniper and pinyon is a process in which frugivorous birds play an important role. Birds either consume and digest seeds or carry and cache them at some distance from the source tree. These transported and settled seeds can be described by a dispersal kernel, which captures the probability that the seed will move a certain distance by the end of the process. To model active seed dispersal of this nature, we introduce handling time probabilities into the dispersal model to generate a seed digestion kernel. In the limit of no variability in handling time the seed digestion kernel is Gaussian, whereas for uniform variability in handling time the kernel approaches a Laplace distribution. This allows us to standardize spatial movement (diffusion) and handling time (peak settling rate) parameters for all three distributions and compare. Analysis of the tails indicates that the seed digestion kernel decays at a rate intermediate between Gaussian and Laplace seed kernels. Using this seed digestion kernel, we create an invasion model to estimate the speed at which juniper and pinyon forest boundaries move. We find that the speed of seed invasion corresponding to the digestion kernel was faster than seeds resulting from Laplace and Gaussian kernels for more rapidly digested seeds. For longer handling times the speeds are bounded between the Laplace (faster) and Gaussian (slower) speeds. Using parameter values from the literature we evaluate the migration potential of pinyon and juniper, finding that pinyon may be able to migrate up to two orders of magnitude more rapidly, consistent with observations of pine migration during the Holocene.
Wireless Capsule Cystoscopy: How Near? How Far?  [PDF]
Hakan ?ztürk
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2014.44007
Abstract:

It is a fact that performing endoscopy using conventional methods requires substantial time and development of alternative diagnostic modalities. Replacement of rigid endoscopes with flexible and digital devices in time, faster performance of the procedures and reduced time for them to turn back to work brought about the expectancy. It was possible that easier and more reliable methods could exist. Idea of capsule endoscopy was born following examination of the gastrointestinal tract with an endoscope with shape of a capsule. Although idea of capsule endoscopy was suggested long years ago, it fell behind the advances in conventional step of the endoscopy, especially developmental speed of the flexible devices. Furthermore, three-dimensional (3D) organ views can be processed digitally by means of sophisticated software in the fields of computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Thus, virtual cystoscopy of high resolution and specificity is possible by means of both methods. Wireless capsule endoscopy is still in the experimental stage. “Steerable independent intracorporeal endoscope” with feature of consecutive instillation in addition to its diagnostic utility is not a dream.

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