Essential Oils from Mentha piperita, Cymbopogon citratus, Rosmarinus officinalis, Peumus boldus and Foeniculum vulgare: Inhibition of Phospholipase A2 and Cytotoxicity to Human Erythrocytes
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS)
Mentha piperita, Cymbopogon
boldus and Foeniculum
extracted by hydrodistillation and characterized and quantified by GC-MS and
GC-DIC. The oils induced hemolysis with all the doses evaluated (0.6 to 1.8 μL), and the diameters of the halos varied between 9
and 15 mm. Pre-incubation of P.
resulted in potentiation of venom-induced hemolysis (30%) (proteases and
phospholipases A2). The essential oil from M.
piperita (0.6 μL) inhibited venom-induced hemolysis by 45%, whereas